A room can use a few communication channels when we enter. Among many others we see its size as first and then the light inside which creates a mood and it has a power to change our perception of the size of the room.
Why do we create different lighting in interiors? Isn´t one bulb in the middle enough?
Interiors were always influenced by the nature and by the entire world outside where the light is not flat. Actually, the light we can experience outside is made by an inclined sun light which changes its inclination during whole day as well as its intensity and it is modified by the clouds creating shadows on different objects. We aim to produce different lights in interiors for practical (general and task lighting), aesthetical (mood/accent lighting) and safety reasons.
Basically, there is general lighting, task lighting, mood or accent lighting and safety lighting which are mostly used in interiors. Sure, there are also other options but now we focus on basics.
General lighting is a light that gives a room a flat light. Its main purpose is to give us enough light to see and it serves as a supplement or imitation of direct sunlight.
Task lighting has a purpose of giving us enough light for tasks like reading, eating and other activities. You should certainly have a special light for your desk, mirrors, reading chairs – task lights.
Mood/accent lighting is located in interior to highlight an interesting features of architecture, art, plants, travelling souvenirs and certain parts of the space to optically change its appearance.
Creating different light areas by separate circuits makes different feels of the room.
This is mostly used for multi-purpose rooms like kitchen and living room which serve for more than one activity. The more activities are carried on in the room the more separate areas for lighting we get and thus more circuits and more of different kinds of light layouts we need to create. Mostly it´s the best to begin with a primary purpose of the room, like a cooking for the kitchen and point out the places which we use most like counterboard, etc. and set the light to ensure that we get enough of light for our activity. Dimmer switches are a good option for creating different mood by turning some parts of room down and highlighting of those we are using at the moment. We think about all activities in the room and create a special circuit for each of them, then we choose the mood lights and finally we consider all interesting focus points in the room and we use the task lights. At the end of this project we consider an integration of some circuits so we get less switches on the wall, as it´s almost impossible to remember a function for each switch from those 10 beside the door. It´s good to consider where we are going to switch the lights on and when off and if we don´t need to include more switches on other places like around the second entrance to the room.
First you need to draw a plan of your ceiling in pencil and be aware, it´s really not always the same as the floor plan! Do include in the plan everything that protrudes or makes the ceiling shaped somehow. You can draw these discrepancies by different colour or use your own style of line like dotted, dashed or whatever suit you so you can relate your plan to your real ceiling. Once you have the right shape and sizes then draw this plan in a pen and put a transparent paper over your plan so you can still see through the ink original, and now draw the lights on the places you think will serve best. For this you will need to do some research on light products, bulbs, electricity issues and so on which indeed is a lot of work, but still, for your own purpose already this stage is good point to go to the shop with lights and discuss it there, they should be able to introduce you the lights that should be of a use for you. Don´t forget to take your plan as it´s a great tool to explain your requirements to the staff in the shop. If you have any further ideas, question or you currently study this chapter as well then I reserved a comment space just for YOU in the comment´s part! Read you soon;)